Shakespeare bio

William Shakespeare born April 23rd, 1564.  Died April 23rd, 1616.
Home town was Stratford-upon-Avon.
Married Anne Hathaway (not the film star!) when he was 18 and she was 26.
6 months later, at age 19, he became a father to Susanna.
At 29, he became father to twins Judith and Hamnet.

His first play, Henry VI - was written in 1592.
Shakespeare wrote two long narrative poems "Venus and Adonis" and "The Rape of Lucrece" which gained him popularity in the literary world.
Plague closed all theatres during the years 1592-1594.
In 1596, Shakespeare's son Hamnet died.  He was 11.
Shakespeare's patron was Lord Chamberlain.  Shakespeare's acting company was called "Lord Chamberlain's Men" until 1603. After this, Shakespeare's new patron was King James and the company became "The King's Men".  Shakespeare was a major shareholder, writer and actor with this company.
Shakespeare wrote 37 plays in three categories: tragedies, comedies and histories.
Two theatres were important to Shakespeare: The Globe Theatre and the Blackfriars Theatre. The Globe was open to the weather.  A flag was flown when a play was going to be performed. The Blackfriar was covered and could be used at night (candlelight) and in the winter.  Handbills (flyers) were passed out when a play was to be performed.  Actors were all male - there were no female performers.

Additional notes:
patron = the person who sponsored/financed the company.  The company could use their name and social standing to their advantage.
Shakespeare's plays=
tradegies = plays that have serious themes, usually resolved through death. 
comedies = there is resolution at the end of the play, often through marriage
histories = based on historical figures but not a reliable document!

The Globe Theatre =  There is a replica in London which holds performances.

Unknown user,
Jun 2, 2013, 11:49 PM