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background knowledge

Background knowledge is previous reading and/or viewing; experiences we've had; relationships; passions and/or interests and our beliefs.

It's summed up in this key question: What do we bring that helps us to understand the text?

Our understanding changes each time we read the same text because we bring more and different knowledge.

Check out this example of how background information affects interpretation (remember YouTube videos cannot be played at school during the day):

Charge of the Light Brigade from Blind Side